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Treatment with Epinastine Hydrochloride to 0.05 % in Patients with Moderate Tear Dysfunction Syndrome

dc.creatorCarrizosa Murcia, Marcelospa
dc.creatorRodríguez Álvarez, Martha Fabiolaspa
dc.description.abstractAntihistamínicos como el clorhidrato de epinastina tienen actividad antinflamatoria y podrían usarse como tratamiento del síndrome de ojo seco. Objetivo: evaluar los cambios en la sintomatología, película lagrimal y superficie ocular antes y después del tratamiento con clorhidrato de epinastina en pacientes con síndrome de ojo seco. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio piloto doble ciego en 20 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de ojo seco moderado. Un ojo de cada paciente recibió tratamiento con clorhidrato de epinastina al 0,05 % y el otro recibió hialuronato de sodio al 0,4 %. Los dos ojos recibieron suplemento lagrimal con hialuronato de sodio al 0,4 %. La dosis de tratamiento fue una gota tres veces al día por 45 días. Antes del tratamiento y 30 y 45 días después, se aplicó cuestionario validado para ojo seco (osdi), test de Schirmer 1, but y lisamina verde. Se aplicó la prueba t de Student y rangos de Wilcoxon. Resultados: se encontró un mejoría estadísticamente significativa en sintomatología a los 30 días de intervención con epinastina (p = 0,000) y 45 días (p = 0,0000). En la superficie ocular hubo mejoría clínica y significativa estadísticamente a los 45 días (p = 0,0001). No se encontraron cambios significativos en la calidad ni en la cantidad de la película lagrimal. La reducción en la sintomatología y el grado de tinción con la epinastina a los 45 días fue estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,05) con respecto al grupo control. Conclusión: la combinación clorhidrato de epinastina al 0,05% y hialuronato de sodio al 0,4% mejora la sintomatología y la superficie ocular en los pacientes con ojo seco
dc.description.abstractAntihistamines such as epinastine hydrochloride have anti-inflammatory activity and could be used as a treatment for dry eye syndrome. Objective: To assess changes in symptoms, tear film and ocular surface before and after treatment with epinastine hydrochloride in patients with dry eye syndrome. Materials and methods: A double-blind pilot study was carried out in 20 patients with clinical diagnosis of moderate dry eye. One eye of each patient was treated with 0.05% ofepinastine hydrochloride and the other received 0.4% of sodium hyaluronate. Both eyes received tear supplement with 0.4% of sodium hyaluronate. The treatment dose was one drop three times a day for 45 days. Before treatment and 30 and 45 days after, the validated questionnaire for dry eye (osdi), the Schirmer 1 Test, but and lissamine green were used. The Student’s t test and Wilcoxon ranges were used. Results: A statistically significant improvement in symptoms after 30 days of the intervention with epinastine was found (p = 0.000) and after 45 days (p = 0.0000). In the ocular surface there was clinically and statistically significant improvement after 45 days (p = 0.0001). No significant changes were found in quality or quantity of the tear film. The reduction in symptoms and in the degree of staining with epinastine after 45 days was statistically significant (p < 0.05) compared with the control group. Conclusion: The combination of epinastinehydrochloride 0.05% and sodium hyaluronate 0.4% improves symptoms and the ocular surface in patients with moderate dry
dc.publisherUniversidad de La Salle. Revistas. Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y
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dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2016 Universidad de La Sallespa
dc.subjectClorhidrato de epinastina; hialuronato de sodio; schirmer 1; but; lisamina verde; película lagrimal; tinción superficie ocular; osdi; ojo secospa
dc.subjectEpinastine hydrochloride; sodium hyaluronate; schirmer 1; but; lissamine green; tear film; ocular surface staining; osdi; dry eyespa
dc.titleTratamiento con clorhidrato de epinastina al 0,05 % en pacientes con síndrome de disfunción lagrimal moderadospa
dc.titleTreatment with Epinastine Hydrochloride to 0.05 % in Patients with Moderate Tear Dysfunction Syndromespa

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